Jul
25
2011

Student loan debt is $849 billion and rising

Student Loans Escape
WASHINGTON -- In midtown Manhattan two years ago, the billboard-size clock that keeps track of the U.S. national debt ran out of digits when the figure ballooned to $10 trillion.

It wasn't long before a solution was found to again tick, tick, tick away how much the country is in the red.

Now there's another clock, only this one is online, ticking away the amount of student loan debt being amassed by college students and their parents.

Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of finaid.org, one of the best sites for college financial aid information, has posted a "Student Loan Debt Clock" ( www.finaid.org/loans/stu dentloandebtclock.phtml ) that keeps a running tally of the current outstanding federal and private student loans.

If you check today, the total will be more than $849 billion. I just watched in awe as the last five digits kept changing, pushing the debt load to a level that is frankly hard to fathom. It's a total figure, I realize, but I also know - and you probably know, too - what a financially debilitating impact this much student loan debt  is having on families.

To develop the clock, Kantrowitz started with a conservative estimate of $665 billion in federal loans outstanding as of June 2010. For private student loans, he used a repayment trajectory model he put together in addition to annual new loan volume data. Those calculations yielded $168 billion for private student loans. Combine all this debt and you get the starting estimate of $833 billion.

The total debt figure is then increased by $2,853.88 for each second since midnight June 30, he said. The total debt outstanding will be even more explosive at the beginning of each semester, when most student loans are disbursed.

Kantrowitz is quick to point out that the student loan debt clock is only an approximation and is supposed to be used for entertainment purposes. OK, but there's nothing entertaining about this alarming clock. It's as strong a statement as the national debt clock.

"Hopefully greater awareness of the aggregate magnitude of education debt will encourage families to minimize their student loan debt," Kantrowitz says.

Kantrowitz tries to discourage people from borrowing too much. Most recently on finaid.org, Kantrowitz released tips for families, including a recommendation that for a student's entire education, one should not borrow more than the expected starting salary upon graduation. Great advice, except many students and their parents don't even bother to figure out what that starting salary might be before signing loan documents. I'm not even including the students who are clueless about their career path, all the while adding to the debt clock.

If you borrow more than twice your starting salary after college, you will be at high risk of default, Kantrowitz says.

Kantrowitz has another reason for posting the clock. He wants to draw attention to the inadequacy of need-based grants. The federal Pell Grant program, which provides grants to low-income undergraduate and certain post-baccalaureate students, should be expanded. A Pell Grant, unlike a loan, does not have to be repaid. Kantrowitz suggests doubling the maximum grant, which for the 2010-11 award year (July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2011) is $5,550.

"Such an investment will increase the number of low- and moderate-income students graduating with bachelor's degrees by 200,000 to 300,000 a year, ultimately paying for the cost of the increase in grants through greater federal income-tax revenue," he estimates.

In a report to Congress and the Department of Education, the federal Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance found that inadequate need-based grants limit the ability of students from low- and moderate-income families to attend four-year colleges and universities. In "The Rising Price of Inequality," the independent panel warns that if aid isn't increased, the percentage of qualified low-income students who earn bachelor's degrees will significantly drop.

We all know there is a growing gap between the haves and have-nots. In this case, it's the people who have enough money to go to college without debt and those who are burying themselves or their parents in debt. The problem is that the conventional wisdom - a college education will pay off in the future - isn't a guarantee in an economy with high unemployment and starting salaries that are insufficient to service the monthly student loan payments many people are taking on.

So if you're borrowing for college, go to finaid.org and just watch the clock for a little while. Take in its message as you view the debt total growing second by second. It's haunting. It's crazy. It's sad.


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